Two RecA homologs, Rad51 and Dmc1, assemble as cytologically visible complexes (foci) at the same sites on meiotic chromosomes. Time course analysis confirms that co-foci appear and disappear as the single predominant form. A large fraction of co-foci are eliminated in a red1 mutant, which is expected as a characteristic of the interhomolog-specific recombination pathway. Previous studies suggested that normal Dmc1 loading depends on Rad51. We show here that a mutation in TID1/RDH54, encoding a RAD54 homolog, reduces Rad51-Dmc1 colocalization relative to WT. A rad54 mutation, in contrast, has relatively little effect on RecA homolog foci except when strains also contain a tid1/rdh54 mutation. The role of Tid1/Rdh54 in coordinating RecA homolog assembly may be very direct, because Tid1/Rdh54 is known to physically bind both Dmc1 and Rad51. Also, Dmc1 foci appear early in a tid1/rdh54 mutant. Thus, Tid1 may normally act with Rad51 to promote ordered RecA homolog assembly by blocking Dmc1 until Rad51 is present. Finally, whereas double-staining foci predominate in WT nuclei, a subset of nuclei with expanded chromatin exhibit individual Rad51 and Dmc1 foci side-by-side, suggesting that a Rad51 homo-oligomer and a Dmc1 homo-oligomer assemble next to one another at the site of a single double-strand break (DSB) recombination intermediate.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shinohara, M., S.L. Gasior. D.K. Bishop, A. Shinohara. 2000. Tid1/Rdh54 promotes colocalization of Rad51 and Dmc during meiotic recombination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97 (20): 10814-10819.