A replica exchange method is presented which requires fewer replicas and is designed to be used for large systems. In this method, dynamically scaled replicas are placed between conventional replicas at broadly spaced temperatures. The potential of the scaled replicas is linearly scaled by a dynamicalvariable which varies between 0 and 1. When the variable is near either end point the replica can undergo exchanges with one of its neighboring replicas. Two different versions of the method are presented for a model system of a small peptide in water. The scaled replica can replace manyreplicas and the method can be up to ten times more efficient than conventional replica exchange.
Journal of Chemical Physics
Steven W. Rick. 2007."Replica exchange with dynamical scaling." Journal of Chemical Physics: 126: 054102-1 - 054102-8.