We report the results of a 2004 survey from managers of dividend-paying Norwegian firms listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange about their views on dividend policy. Specifically, we identify the most important factors in making dividend policy decisions and managers' views about various dividend-related issues. The most important determinants of a firm's dividend policy are the level of current and expected future earnings, stability of earnings, current degree of financial leverage, and liquidity constraints. No significant correlation exists between the overall rankings of factors influencing dividend policy between Norwegian and U.S. managers. Norwegian managers express mixed views about whether a firm's dividend policy affects firm value. Respondents point to the possible role of dividend policy as a signaling mechanism. No support exists for the tax-preference explanation for paying dividends.
Baker, H. Kent; Mukherjee, Tarun K.; and Pakelian, Ohannes George, "How Norwegian Managers View Dividend Policy" (2005). Department of Economics and Finance Working Papers, 1991-2006. Paper 48.