In this paper we present an approach for signal enhancement of sonar signals. Work reported is based on sonar data collected by the Volume Search Sonar (VSS), as well as VSS synthetic data. The Volume Search Sonar is a beamformed multibeam sonar system with 27 fore and 27 aft beams, covering almost the entire water volume (from above horizontal, through vertical, back to above horizontal). The processing of a data set of measurement in shallow water is performed using the Fractional Fourier Transform algorithm. The proposed technique will allow efficient determination of seafloor bottom characteristics and bottom type using the reverberation signal. A study is carried out to compare the performance of the presented method with conventional methods. Results are shown and future work and recommendations are presented.
Madalina Barbu ; Edit J. Kaminsky and Russell E. Trahan "Sonar signal enhancement using fractional Fourier Transform", Proc. SPIE 5807, Automatic Target Recognition XV, 170 (May 23, 2005); doi:10.1117/12.604625