We report on the dynamic properties of Permalloy nanostrips at gagahertz frequencies. The thickness of the strips is 100 nm, strip width is 300 nm, strip spacing is 1 μm, and length is 0.3–100 μm; aspect ratios are 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:5, 1:10, and 1:333. The dynamic behavior was studied by network analyzer ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) using Permalloy strips on a coplanar waveguide in flip-chip geometry. The FMR mode frequencies (fr) can be controlled by the aspect ratio as well as by the applied magnetic field (H). In longer strips (1:10 and 1:333), the excitation frequencies show a soft mode behavior (Heff = 990 Oe) when the field is along the hard axis. However, along the easy axis (along the strip length), fr increases with applied field. At a field of 3 kOe, fr values are almost independent of aspect ratio along the easy axis except for the 1:1 strip. Along the hard axis, the frequencies are strongly dependent upon the aspect ratio. We also observed that the frequency linewidths of the strips are dependent on the aspect ratio
J. Appl. Phys.
J. Appl. Phys. 103, 07C508 (2008)