We have investigated the effect of Fe nonstoichiometry on properties of the Fe1+y(Te,Se) superconductor system by means of resistivity, Hall coefficient, magnetic susceptibility, and specific-heat measurements. We find that the excess Fe at interstitial sites of the (Te, Se) layers not only suppresses superconductivity but also results in a weakly localized electronic state. We argue that these effects originate from the magnetic coupling between the excess Fe and the adjacent Fe square-planar sheets, which favors a short-range magnetic order.
Appl. Phys. Lett.
Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 222513 (2009)