Date of Award

5-21-2005

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.S.

Degree Program

Chemistry

Department

Chemistry

Major Professor

Wiley, John B.

Abstract

Early transition-metal oxyhalides, (MCl)LaNb2O7 (M = V, Cr) have been prepared by ion exchange of layered perovskite hosts, ALaNb2O7 (A = Li, Rb), with anhydrous metal halides, MCl2. These compounds contain low-valent metals (M2+) that are receptive to oxidation. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) shows oxygen uptake at low temperatures (< 500 °C) and subsequent X-ray powder diffraction indicates that the host structure is maintained upon oxidation. Also through EDAX of the starting material and products, it has been found that there is a loss of chlorine upon oxidation. Thorough characterization of oxidation products will be presented and the ramifications of this chemistry on low-temperature topotactic formation of metal-oxide layers within perovskite hosts will be discussed.

Rights

The University of New Orleans and its agents retain the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible this dissertation or thesis in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. The author retains all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis or dissertation.

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