Date of Award
James P. Mokhiber
This paper examines claims about a purported “third force,” individuals and organizations that operated in South Africa during the “transitional period,” from 1990 to1994, who aimed to destabilize the country and prevent a democratic election. This paper focuses on the findings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and testimony contained in the official Amnesty Committee’s transcripts of former Colonel Eugene de Kock. This paper argues that the “third force” was not a designated government agency and former President F.W. de Klerk did not order “third force” violence. This paper further argues that numerous governmental and non-governmental organizations worked collectively to disrupt a transfer of power.
Grimes, John, "Defining “Third Force” Activity: The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission and Eugene de Kock" (2012). University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations. 1440.