Date of Award

8-10-2005

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Degree Program

Chemistry

Department

Chemistry

Major Professor

O'Connor, Charles

Second Advisor

Wiley, John

Third Advisor

Fang, Jiye

Fourth Advisor

Stokes, Kevin

Abstract

The objective of this Ph.D. study is to explore an important and fertile research topic on the methods for synthesis of nanomaterials by homogeneous nonaqueous solution phase reaction. Research in this work focuses on synthesizing several kinds of nanomaterials in different environments and structure, including spherical nanoparticles, nanowires and core-shell structure composites We first synthesized metallic nanomaterials in this system, such as ~10 nm Fe nanoparticles, ~6 nm Au nanoparticles, and ~100 nm Bi nanoparticles, this system are the preparation for the following studies. Secondly, we synthesized bimetallic nanomaterials in this system, such as Fe50Co50 alloy and Bi doped with Mn. For FeCo alloy, after annealing at 500 °C, a pure phase of Fe50Co50 was obtained. And we first synthesized the nanowires of bismuth doped with manganese. By studying intermediates at different temperatures during the growth process of nanowires, the evolution of the crystallization of metallic products and the mechanism of the formation of the nanowires are investigated. Thirdly, we synthesized core-shell structure nanocomposites, including either gold as the shell or polymer as the shell. Au-coated magnetic Fe nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by partial replacement reaction in a polar aprotic solvent with about 11 nm core of Fe and about 2.5 nm shell of Au. HRTEM images show clear core-shell structure with different crystal lattices from Fe and Au. SQUID magnetometry reveals that particle magnetic properties are not significantly affected by the overlayer of a moderately thick Au shell. The Aucoated particles exhibit a surface plasmon resonance peak that red-shifts from 520 to 680 nm. And Poly (Vinyl Pyrolidone) (PVP) coated iron nanoparticles also have been successfully synthesized in a polar aprotic solvent, which shows the welldefined core-shell structures. In this approach, Poly (Vinyl Pyrolidone) (PVP) was employed as the coating polymer directly coated on metallic core (iron) nanoparticles. In this work, a combination of TEM (transmission electron microscopy), EDS (Energy disperse X-ray spectroscopy), XRD (X-ray powder diffractometry), ICP (inductively-coupled plasma spectrometer), TGA (Thermogravimetric analysis), UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, IR (infrared) spectroscopy and SQUID magnetometry (Superconducting Quantum Interference Device) were employed to characterize the morphology, structure, composition and magnetic properties of the products. In summary, this Ph.D. study successfully and systematically synthesized several kinds of nanocomposites in a system. The synthetic procedure is simple, economic and easily scaled-up for further applications. And many techniques were employed to characterize the products.

Rights

The University of New Orleans and its agents retain the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible this dissertation or thesis in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. The author retains all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis or dissertation.

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