Date of Award

8-9-2006

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.S.

Degree Program

Chemistry

Department

Chemistry

Major Professor

Wiley, John

Second Advisor

Stevens, Edwin

Third Advisor

Tarr, Matthew

Abstract

Alkali metal halide layers were constructed within Dion-Jacobson (DJ) layered perovskites by a two-step sequential intercalation method. Reductive intercalation with an alkali metal, followed by oxidative intercalation with chlorine gas, leads to the formation of compounds of the general formula, (A2Cl)LaNb2O7 (A = Rb, Cs). Rietveld refinement of X-ray powder diffraction data shows that an alkali metal halide layer is formed between the perovskite blocks. The alkali metal cation is eight-coordinate with 4 oxygens from the perovskite layer and 4 chlorides from the new halide layer; this environment is similar to cesium in the CsCl structure. Thermal analysis indicates that these are low-temperature phases where decomposition begins below 200°C. Details on the synthesis and characterization of this set of compounds are presented and the general utility of this approach discussed.

Rights

The University of New Orleans and its agents retain the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible this dissertation or thesis in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. The author retains all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis or dissertation.

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