Date of Award

8-9-2006

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.S.

Degree Program

Applied Physics

Department

Physics

Major Professor

Zhou, Weilie; Stokes, Kevin

Second Advisor

Tang, Jinke

Abstract

Well-aligned DMS Zn1-xMnxO nanowires and nanorods were successfully synthesized in-situ using a chemical vapor deposition method. Low-dimensional nanostructures such as bowls and cages were deposited on a silicon surface downstream of the tube furnace. Variation of reaction temperature and Mn doping level were investigated on structure and properties of the as-grown nanomaterials. The as-grown nanowires and naorods are single crystalline wurtzite structure and possess a growth direction along the c axis. At 850 ºC, the most optimistic condition for ZnO crystal growth was obtained. At high reaction temperature 950ºC, Mn2+ were substitutionally doped into ZnO lattice, resulting in room-temperature ferromagnetic coupling with a saturated magnetization of 0.25emu/g. The ferromagnetic interaction is weakened, however, by larger concentration of Mn, due to the antiferromagnetic coupling of direct superexchange interaction between Mn2+. The well-aligned DMS 1-dimensional Mn doped ZnO nanostructures have great potential for application in spintronic nanodevices.

Rights

The University of New Orleans and its agents retain the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible this dissertation or thesis in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. The author retains all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis or dissertation.

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