Date of Award

5-21-2004

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Degree Program

Chemistry

Department

Chemistry

Major Professor

Politzer, Peter

Second Advisor

Jursic, Branko

Third Advisor

Stevens, Ed

Fourth Advisor

Hanson, Paul

Abstract

Noncovalent intermolecular interactions, widely found in molecular clusters and bio-molecules, play a key role in many important processes, such as phase changes, folding of proteins and molecular recognition. However, accurate calculation of interaction energies is a very difficult task because the interactions are normally very weak. Rigorous expressions for the electrostatic and polarization interaction energies between two molecules A and B, in term of the electronic densities, have been programmed: (see formula in document). Z is atomic charge, ρ0 is the electron density of the isolated molecule and Δρind is the electron density change of the molecule caused by polarization. With some approximations, procedures for electrostatic and polarization energy calculations were developed that involve numerical integration. Electrostatic and polarization energies for several bimolecular systems, some of which are hydrogen bonded, were calculated and the results were compared to other theoretical and experimental data.

A second method for the computing of intermolecular interaction energies has also been developed. It involves a “supermolecule” calculation for the entire system, followed by a partitioning of the overall electric density into the two interacting components and then application of eq. (1) to find the interaction energy. In this approach, according to Feynman’s explanation to intermolecular interactions, all contributions are treated in a unified manner. The advantages of this method are that it avoids treating the supersystem and subsystems separately and no basis set superposition error (BSSE) correction is needed. Interaction energies for several

hydrogen-bonded systems are calculated by this method. Compared with the result from experiment and high level ab initio calculation, the results are quite reliable.

Rights

The University of New Orleans and its agents retain the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible this dissertation or thesis in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. The author retains all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis or dissertation.

Share

COinS