Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Date



The primary objective of this research is to examine the relationship between transit availability and automobile ownership of households, with special reference to the low-income population of Los Angeles. National data show that during the last few decades there has been a significant increase in automobile ownership among low-income households in general (Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 1990; Millar, Morrison, and Vyas, 1986). In fact, among all income groups, the increase in auto ownership has been the highest for the lowest income group (Millar, Morrison, and Vyas, 1986). Since low-income households have traditionally constituted a large segment of the transit market, the recent increases in their automobile ownership make one wonder whether, or to what extent, mass transit continues to serve the travel needs of these households.