Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Date



As the nineteenth century entered its last decades and the years of Reconstruction receded into the past, New Orleans began anew its struggle to modernize its water infrastructure. The problem, as usual, was threefold: How would improvements be financed? What role would government play? How could the sheer physical challenges of the swampy terrain be met? Requirements of piped-in water and drainage of the land had been prior concerns, and a need for a sewer system was added to the priorities.