This paper relates human oblique head-neck kinematics to human frontal and lateral head-neck kinematics for three subjects of varying anthropometry. Head-neck kinematic response to indirect impact acceleration for an oblique test is compared to the superposition of the head/neck behavior of appropriate frontal and lateral tests for the same subject. The results have important implications in terms of the complexity required in the design and validation of omni-directional biofidelic crash test manikins and mathematical models of human head-neck response.
Guccione, S., and Kaminsky, E., "Human Head-Neck Response to Impact Acceleration: Comparison of Oblique to Combined Frontal and Lateral Response," in Proc. 17h Internat. Technical Cont. on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV 2001), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 2001.