Date of Award

Summer 8-2012

Degree Type


Degree Name


Degree Program




Major Professor

Trudell, Mark L.


This study was aimed at the development of novel CB1 cannabinoid receptor antago­nists that may have clinical applications for the treatment of cannabinoid and psychostimulant addiction. The rationale for the design for our target was to incorporate a bioisosteric 1,2,3-triazole ring into the vicinal diaryl group revealed in the prototypical antagonist/inverse agonist SR141716 (Rimonabant) that was pre­sumed to interact with a unique region in the CB1 receptors. Based on our prelimi­nary results we identified a novel series of 1,2,3-triazole ester and keto deriva­tives as lead compounds for biological evaluation. Here in the design rationale, syn­thesis and CB1 receptor affinity for a series of 4,5-diaryl-1-substituted-1,2,3-triazoles of ester and ketones is described. These derivatives were synthesized via a one-pot regiospecific click/acylation reaction sequence from 1-azido-2,4-dichlorobenzene and commercially available arylacetylenes. From the structure-activity studies the 5-(4-chlorophenyl) congeners exhibited the most potent CB1 receptor affinities relative to other 5-(substituted-phenyl) moieties. The 1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-propylcarbonyl-1,2,3-triazole (­31a) was found to be the most potent (Ki = 4.6 nM) CB1 receptor ligand of the series and exhibited high CB1 selectivity (CB2/CB1 = 417).

The triazole ester 31a was further characterized as a cannabinoid antagonist in locomotor-activity studies by blocking the locomotor-reducing effects of cannabinoid agonist WIN55,212-2. In addition, unlike the prototypical cannabinoid antagonist SR141716A (Rimonabant), the triazole ester 31a did not exhibit increased activity in locomotor activ­ity studies, thus indicating the potential for a neutral antagonist profile.


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