Date of Award
Gasification is a very efficient method of producing clean synthetic gas (syngas) which can be used as fuel for electric generation or chemical building block for petrochemical industries. This study performs detailed simulations of coal gasification process inside a generic two-stage entrained-flow gasifier to produce syngas carbon monoxide and hydrogen. The simulations are conducted using the commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solver FLUENT. The 3-D Navier-Stokes equations and seven species transport equations are solved with eddy-breakup combustion model. Simulations are conducted to investigate the effects of coal mixture (slurry or dry), oxidant (oxygen-blown or air-blown), wall cooling, coal distribution between the two stages, and the feedstock injection angles on the performance of the gasifier in producing CO and H2. The result indicates that coal-slurry feed is preferred over coal-powder feed to produce hydrogen. On the other hand, coal-powder feed is preferred over coal-slurry feed to produce carbon monoxide. The air-blown operation yields poor fuel conversion efficiency and lowest syngas heating value. The two-stage design gives the flexibility to adjust parameters to achieve desired performance. The horizontal injection design gives better performance compared to upward and downward injection designs.
Silaen, Armin, "Simulation of Coal Gasification Process Inside a Two-Stage Gasifier" (2004). University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations. 198.