Date of Award

Spring 5-2021

Degree Type


Degree Name


Degree Program




Major Professor

Mary Niall Mitchell

Second Advisor

Andrea Mosterman

Third Advisor

Karen Leathem


The cultural, social, and economic development of New Orleans—from a colonial port to an American city—can be traced through its history of bread baking. The public history thesis project, Trail of Crumbs: Tracing the Lore, Labor, and History of Bread-Making in New Orleans, is a tour on the Midlo Center’s digital site New Orleans Historical, mapping the spaces, events, and human stories behind one of the city’s oldest professions. Rooted in a French and Spanish colonial foundation, the bread-making traditions of New Orleans reveal the influence of forces such as the port, immigration, location, and labor. The tour applies primary sources --the “crumbs” (newspaper listings, photographs, census rolls, business records, notarial records) --to trace and reconnect New Orleans bread-making to its history. Trail of Crumbs highlights six locations in the French Quarter open between 1789 and 1970: Cadet’s, D’Aquin’s, Chretien’s/Francingues’, Bakers Union Hall, Lombardo’s, and Garic’s.


The University of New Orleans and its agents retain the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible this dissertation or thesis in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. The author retains all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis or dissertation.