Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name


Degree Program



Electrical Engineering

Major Professor

Jovanovich, Kim

Second Advisor

Charalampidis, Dimitrios


Image/Video compression has great significance in the communication of motion pictures and still images. The need for compression has resulted in the development of various techniques including transform coding, vector quantization and neural networks. this thesis neural network based methods are investigated to achieve good compression ratios while maintaining the image quality. Parts of this investigation include motion detection, and weight retraining. An adaptive technique is employed to improve the video frame quality for a given compression ratio by frequently updating the weights obtained from training. More specifically, weight retraining is performed only when the error exceeds a given threshold value. Image quality is measured objectively, using the peak signal-to-noise ratio versus performance measure. Results show the improved performance of the proposed architecture compared to existing approaches. The proposed method is implemented in MATLAB and the results obtained such as compression ratio versus signalto- noise ratio are presented.


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