This paper presents new visualization techniques for 4D Quadrature-Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (Q2PSK), Saha’s Constant Envelope (CE) Q2PSK, and Cartwright’s CEQ2PSK in ideal bandlimited channels. The signal diagrams analyzed are: time-signal eye patterns for 4D passband signals, 2D complex trajectory diagrams of baseband signals, and time-signal eye patterns for the 1D outputs of the baseband matched filter. These methods may be applied to other multidimensional modulation systems to obtain insight into the effects of noise, interference, and channel filtering.
Quinteros, M., E.J. Kaminsky, and K.V. Cartwright, “Visualization of 4D Q2PSK and CE Q2PSK in ideal bandlimited channels,” IEEE WCNC 2015, (New Orleans, March 2015), pp. 499-504.